Arshak Adamian, an Armenian composer, musicologist, art critic, Distinguished Artist of the Republic of Armenia, studied piano and composition at Schtern Conservatory in Berlin (1904-06).
In 1910 Adamian graduated from the Department of Law of St.Petersburg University.
From 1921 to 1924 Arshak Adamian was the Head of the Armenian Art Club in Tbilisi, and from 1924 to 1926 the President of Yerevan Conservatory.
Adamian, along with another eminent composer Alexander Spendiarian was among the founders and organizers of the first symphony orchestra in Armenia.
From 1926 to 1936 Adamian served as an Artistic Adviser to the Trans-Caucasus Central Executive Committee.
From 1936 to 1943 he served as a Dean of the department of Composition and Music Theory of Leningrad Conservatory, as well as the Institute of Drama and Music.
During the years 1944-49 Adamian was a research officer of the Armenian Academy of Sciences, Department of Philosophy. A. Adamian taught Aesthetics at Yerevan Fine Arts and Drama Institute from 1950 to 56. He has written the series of essays on aesthetics, drawing special attention to the early Armenian Medieval Period ("Views on the Aesthetics of Medieval Armenia", 1955). In this work he has highlighted the originality of the Armenian aesthetic view.
Arshak Adamian died on February 17, 1956 in Yerevan.